Higher education and research in Albania in the way of achieving the objectives of Bologna declaration

Suzana Papadhopulli, Heliona Vangjel Mico

Abstract


The aim of this article is to examine how a uniform higher education system adapted to fulfil the European initiatives in higher education and more general European integration process through transforming national policies and legislation. The article focuses on the changes made in the higher education system analysing their diversity, the way of their implementation and the impact they had in the quality of the system. The paper ultimately provides an overview of identified knowledge gaps and presents the discussion of a number of higher education challenges towards implementation of Bologna Process. How did the higher education system in Albania face Bologna process and was it really prepared for the challenging transformations ahead? The article goes through the main stages that changed the higher education system in post-communist Albania, by giving an overview of the system before and after Bologna “revolution” in higher education system. Reforms have been undertaken in Albanian higher education system during these years, where most of them have been initiated in the frame of implementation of Bologna Declaration by expanding, redesigning and re-accommodating the higher education institutions.

Full Text:

PDF

References


BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCES

Barryman, S.E (2000). Hidden challenges to education systems in transition economies.

A world free of poverty. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2000/09/693291/hidden-challenges-education-systems-transition-economies

Bologna beyond 2010, (2009). Report on the development of the European Higher

Education Area Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve Ministerial Conference 28-29 April 2009.

Retrive from www.ehea.info/Uploads/LEUVEN/Beyond_2010_report_FINAL.pdf

Bologna Declaration, 19 June 1999. For a full text of the declaration see http://www.bologna-bergen2005.no/Docs/00-Main_doc/990719BOLOGNA_DECLARATION.PDF

Caddick, S. (2008).Back to Bologna. The long road to European higher education

reform. EMBO Rep. 2008 Jan; 9(1): 18-21 doi: 10.1038/sj.embor.7401149

Council of the European Union (2006). Stabilisation and Association Agreement

between the European Communities and their Member States, of the One Part, and the

Republic of Albania, of the Other Part. Brussels, 22 May 2006

Council of Ministers of the Republic of Albania (2008.) Strategjia Kombëtare për

Arsimin e Lartë (SKALA) 2008-2013 (‘National Strategy for Higher Education’

-2013) [Online] Available at: www.aaal.edu.al [Accessed on 28th August 2015]

DAAD- May 2010- Development of Action Plan for Implementation of Bologna Process,

preparation of the HE standards per teaching cycles according to the demands of the

Bologna process. Ref. No. MOES/OCBS/CS/004/08. World Bank-Final Report http://www.fcg.fi/eng/projects/?RefID=875

Decision of Council of Ministers No. 332, dated 13.05.1996 “On admissions on higher

education institutions for academic year 1996-1997” amended with decision of

Council of Ministers No. 414, dated 10.6.1996 Retrieved from www.qpz.gov.al

Decision of Council of Ministers No. 588, dated 2.11.2000 “On the establishment of

graduate schools at the University of Tirana, Polytechnic University, Agricultural

University and the Academy of Physical Education and Sports” Retrieved from www.qpz.gov.al

Eurydice (2008), Higher Education Governance in Europe, Policies, structures,

funding and academic staff. Available at: http://www.utwente.nl/bms/cheps/summer_school/literature/eu%20reforms%20

eurydice%202008%20report.pdf

Final Report on the Higher Education and Scientific Research Reform – July 2014.

Available at: http://www.arsimi.gov.al/files/userfiles/reformaalksh/Raport_Final_Ministria_

Arsimit.pdf

Hatakenaka, S. & Thompson, Q. (2006, March 24). Albania higher education report.

Report submitted to the European Investment Bank] http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/highereducation/ehea2010/tirana06/HEAlbaniaWorld

BankMarch%202006_EN.pdf

Héritier, A. (2005). Europeanization Research East and West: A Comparative

Assessment. In F. Schimmelfennig& U. Sedelmeier (Eds.), The Europeanization of

Central and Eastern Europe. Ithaca: Cornell University Press

Jongbloed, B. (2010), Funding Higher Education: A view across the Europe, Center for

Higher Education Policy Studies, Lifelong Learning Project N° 142354-LLP-1-2008-1-

BE-ERASMUS-ENW

Kola, I. (2011) Global pressures and the dynamics of local change: A case study of an

English Department at an Albanian University Graduate Dissertations and Theses at

Illinois http://hdl.handle.net/2142/24410

Law no. 7810, dated 06.04.1994, “On the Higher Education in the Republic of Albania”,

(as amended) Retrieved from www.qpz.gov.al

Law No. 7893, dated 22.12.1994 “On science and technological development”

Retrieved from www.qpz.gov.al

Law no. 8461, dated 25.02.1999, “On the Higher Education in the Republic of Albania”,

(as amended),Retrieved from www.qpz.gov.al

Law No.8834, dated 22.11.2001, “On the ratification of the "Convention on the

Recognition of higher education Qualifications in Europe "(Lisbon, 1997)

Retrieved from www.qpz.gov.al

Law no. 9741, dated 21.05.2007 “On the Higher Education in the Republic of Albania”,

(as amended), Retrieved from www.qpz.gov.al

Malaj, A. Mema. F, Hida, S. (2005) “Albania, Financial management in the education

system: Higher education” Working Paper No. 54 Higher Education, 3-931052-51-6

Mico, H. and Papadhopulli, S. (2014) Differentiation of the mission of higher education

institutions through developing and establishing regional development centres at each

regional university. The Re-Institutionalization of Higher Education in the Western

Balkans. The interplay between European ideas, domestic policies, and institutional

practices published by Peter Lang.

Ministry of Education and Science of Republic of Albania, National Strategy of

Scientific Research, Technology and Innovation (2010), Available at: http://www.euraxess.al/documents/NationalStrategyofSTI.pdf

Nelaj, D. (2009) Policy and practice in the Albanian HE governance: a research based on

three case studies. Oslo: University of Oslo (Master thesis), in English

OECD (2002) “Thematic review of national policies for education – Albania. Stability

pact for south eastern Europe” Report of Task force on Education, Center for

Cooperation with Non-members Directorate for education, employment, labor and

social affairs, Education Committee, Paris

Palomba, G. And Vodopivec, M. (2001) Financing, Efficiency and Equity in Albanian

Education. World Bank Technical Paper ; no. WTP 512. Washington, D.C. : The World

Bank http//documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2001/06/163174 efficiency-equity-albania-education

Pleskovic, B. Aslund, A. Bader, W. Campbell, R. (2002) “Capacity building in economics.

Education and research in transition economies” Policy Research Working Paper, World

Bank. http://www-wds.worldbank.org

Schwarz, S. And Westerheijden, D. F (2004) Accreditation and Evaluation in the

European Higher Education Area, Springer

Terry, L. (2008). The Bologna Process and Its Impact in Europe: It’s So Much More than

Degree Changes. Vanderbilt Journal of Transnationale Law, Vol 41:107-228

Tsakonas, F.: Private Sector Development in Education in South East Europe - Country

Report: Albania http://www.see-educoop.net

Vukasović, M. Babin, M.Ivošević, V. Lažetić, P. Miklavič, K (2009) Financing higher

education in south-eastern europe: Albania, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia.

Centre for Education Policy, Belgrade, http://www.cep.edu.rs

Vukasovic, M. (2012) European Integration in Higher Education in the Western Balkan

Countries (WBC) a riview of literature. (2012) EIHER-WBC Working Paper Series. http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-4352117

World Bank. 2012. Albania - Tertiary education : options for university governance

under autonomy. Policy brief ; no. 4. Washington, DC: World Bank. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2012/01/16274148/albania-tertiary-education-options-university-governance-under-autonomy

World Declaration of Higher Education for the Twenty-first Century: Vision and Action

(1998) Available at: http://www.unesco.org/education/educprog/wche/declaration_eng.htm

Zgaga, P. (2010). The Role of Higher Education in National Development. South-Eastern

Europe and Reconstruction of the Western Balkans. In: The Europa World of Learning

61st ed. London, New York; Routledge, 19-24Education in the Western Balkans:

Reforms, developments, trends - Ljubljana, 2013. Tiskarna Littera picta d.o.o, Lubjana


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




© 2014 WPHES

ISSN 2411-2445